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The city of Cordoba lies in the valley of the river Guadalquivir at an altitude of 122 meters and has about 350,000 inhabitants.
Cordoba is the hottest city in Europe and certainly in the months of July and August high temperatures must be taken into account.
It is assumed that Cordoba was already inhabited some 40,000 years ago. For a long time the city was ruled by the North African ‘Carthagen’ until in the year 206 BC. when the Romans took power.
In the year 411 Cordoba was in the hands of the East Germanic ‘Vandals’ for some time until in the year 711 when the Moors took over rulership and stayed here until the year 1236. In this year power was taken over by the Christians under the leadership of the Catholic King Ferdinand the third.
Mezquita (with cathedral)
In the 10th century, Córdoba was one of the most important cities in Europe. The city was at that time ruled by the Moors who, in the heart of the Jewish Quarter (Juderia), built their beautiful Mezquita. Construction of this Mosque began in the year 756.
Fortunately, the Christians did not destroy this mighty mosque after the conquest in the year 1236. They must certainly have been impressed by this magnificent piece of Moorish architecture.
What makes the Mezquita so unique is that the Christians decided to let the Mezquita exist in all its glory but built their own cathedral within the walls of this giant Mosque. Something you don’t see every day. Only when you enter the Mezquita by yourself, you will truly understand what this really looks like.
Pay particular attention to the 860 beautiful red and cream-colored arches, the Moorish prayer house and the beautiful dome.
Alcázar de los Reyes Cristianos
The walled royal palace with a tower on every corner, was built in the 14th century and is located in the center of the city of Córdoba, close to the Mezquita and the synagogue. From the patio, you walk straight to the beautiful terrace gardens that exude an Arab atmosphere and here you might notice that these gardens show great similarities with the gardens of the Alhambra in Granada.
The Jewish quarter with synagogue
The ‘Juderia’ is the old Jewish district of Cordoba and of course you will also find the Synagogue here. This well-preserved medieval synagogue was built in 1315 and consists of a courtyard, hall, prayer room and a gallery, intended for the women on the first floor.
It is a great pleasure to stroll around this busy neighborhood through the old, narrow streets with their beautiful houses, monasteries and churches.
Pay special attention to the old, very well preserved city walls.